The science of Applied Behavior Analysis uses empirically validated behavior change procedures to assist children in developing skills for learning and social interaction. The field has developed over the years to include many techniques for increasing useful behaviors while reducing behaviors that may be harmful or interfere with learning. ABA therapy for children with autism consists of providing a structured environment with consistent praise and reinforcement.
Usually children are sent to us because they're considered a “discipline problem” and are not able to function in a typical school setting. Applied Behavior Analysis is a proven method of teaching children to change their behaviors so they can more readily integrate into their home schools and the community. Discipline is built into the behavior method and is usually positive. The child is taught that preferred items are earned with proper behaviors. There are times when a child has a period of non-compliance where a punisher may be used. The punisher might be losing the amount of time they were non-compliant. For example, if a child is non-compliant for 10 minutes, he may lose 10 minutes of his break time.
Our preferred method of handling behaviors is to either block the behavior and re-direct the child’s attention to the preferred behavior or to ignore the behavior when it's obvious attention seeking. By ignoring the behavior, we're not reinforcing it and the child typically will move on when he doesn’t get the desired attention.
ABA Therapy, Spiritos School, Richmond VA